Aperçu d’une histoire de la langue grecque by Antoine Meillet PDF

By Antoine Meillet

ISBN-10: 1108006671

ISBN-13: 9781108006675

The echoes of Greek are heard in lots of smooth languages. for instance, the summary vocabulary of the fashionable ecu languages derives principally from the vocabulary of the Greek philosophers and students, even if at once or through Latin writers who have been expert in keeping with the Greek culture. First released in 1913, Antoine Meillet's heritage of Greek indicates how the language, derived initially from Indo-European, constructed over the years based on sociological and geographical components. Meillet argues that its complexity is because of the consistent borrowing of vocabulary and grammar from modern languages and neighborhood dialects. regardless of - or due to - its versatile and ever-changing nature, and the shortcoming of consistency in utilization among person urban states, Greek ultimately turned the language of significant works of literature, philosophy and technological know-how.

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Extra resources for Aperçu d’une histoire de la langue grecque

Sample text

Nepos, le grec a avet|no;. En face du lat. ; en face du lat. Trapos, etc. ait par F, Homere emploie librement la forme a F initial ou la forme a prothese, (F)ia(F)cq ou i(F)io(F)oq, (F~)£hx ou 4(>F)^5v«, etc. Ce trait, qui n'a pas de correspondant en armenien et qui apparait encore tout liquide dans la langue homerique, doit etre le plus recent de la serie. Devant les groupes de consonnes, l'armenien offre quelques concordances avecle grec; la principale est le nom de 1' « astre » : gr. aivqp afoxpov en face de l'allemand stern, armenien astl « astre, etoile », en face de lat.

Et *8eo/Vyaa *oe§Foz, qui figure encore chez Homere, sous la notation Ssi'Sw, mais avec un w non susceptible de former le temps fort d'un vers, et qui en realite etait encore -oa au moment ou s'est constitue le fond de la langue homerique; on ne savait plus comprendre le groupe de SsiBw, OSISIJAEV, Uoq, tel qu'il est note dans le texte homerique traditionnel, en realite oioFoa, SsSFi^v, Sfeo;, ; au lieu de *%B%FCZ, on a ete amene a dire MFix (note Mhx), qui fournit une flexion reguliere Ss'lSia;, osiSts chez Homere.

Le suffixe le plus ordinaire en indo-europeen etait de la forme *-ye-, soit *-yo a la premiere personne du singulier de l'actif a l'indicatif present. Mais le -y-a, on le sait, disparu du grec; il est resulte de la que l'ancien type un en *-yo a ete brise en plusieurs types distincts, dont l'explication n'est pas toujours claire. On voit bien comment (SasiXeu? a donne (kcnXsuw, comment etXog (vocatif ^i'Xe) a donne ©iXdw, comment SfjXo? pi'£w de ipiq, IpiSo? p£§jyw. ^w, -a^w a depasse ensuite plus ou moins les limites premieres de son emploi.

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