By James M. Lindenberger
This booklet offers an updated translation of seventy-nine letters and fragments, almost the entire corpus of surviving letters in Aramaic and Hebrew all the way down to the time of Alexander, omitting in basic terms the main fragmentary and the main formulaic. This contains the correspondence from historic Jewish writers at Yavneh-Yam (7th Century), Arad and Lachish (6th), and Elephantine (5th). There also are administrative letters from Persian bureaucrats, deepest advertisement and relatives correspondence from Egypt, and different scattered letters from Assyria, Egypt, Philistia, and Idumaea. additionally integrated are brief notes in Edomite, Ammonite, and Phoenician (one in every one language). The revised version is supplemented by way of an extra 9 texts, a few of them released very lately, now not present in the 1994 variation. Translations are actually supplied with line numbers, and a few were more desirable within the mild of modern reviews. every one letter seems along the unique textual content in sq. script. short introductions set every one workforce of letters into its historic and social context. The association inside of each one language crew is approximately chronological.
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Extra info for Ancient Aramaic and Hebrew Letters
36 Business and Family Letters 9. , Arch. Mus. P. a yk¿w_j‚a‚ ˜m ydrt[ ytja la 5 1 To my mother Atardimri from your brother Ami. May you live [well] and long. 2 Greetings to my sister Isiwere and Zababu and Kake. I am trusting you to look 3after those children! Greetings to Vasaraza, and Shepeneith and her children, and Peteamun. Greetings 4to Haryuta and her sister. I am sending this letter to greet you! 5 Address: To my sister Atardi from your brother Ami. Let it be carried to Luxor. To a Son on a Journey 10.
2) and the Yavneh-Yam petition (no. 50) on the one hand, and the Lachish letters (ch. 7) on the other. In general, an attempt has been made to match the style of each translation—whether stilted, formal, less formal, casual, or downright colloquial—to the style of the original. In a few cases, footnotes give a literal rendering of expressions translated more idiomatically in the body of the text. The reader may find them useful and may be interested to see how these turns of phrase are expressed in the original.
Porten and Yardeni 1986: 10). For other possibilities, see Grelot 1972: 160–61 note b. ” The same word, with a slightly different spelling, appears in no. 6. ” See the glossary (karsh) on this expression. ). The meaning of the Aramaic word is uncertain, but it is possibly found again in no. 18. The name of the place to which they are to be delivered cannot be identified. k Or, “[ . . ] tomorrow. I wrote this letter. . ” The “master” is apparently Armatidata. As co-owner, he had the authority to give orders to the Egyptian sailors.
Ancient Aramaic and Hebrew Letters by James M. Lindenberger