Download PDF by Armin Schwegler: Analyticity and Syntheticity: A Diachronic Perspective With

By Armin Schwegler

ISBN-10: 0899253326

ISBN-13: 9780899253329

The sequence is a platform for contributions of all types to this speedily constructing box. normal difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened research of empirical facts. exact emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may well shed new mild on long-standing difficulties typically linguistics.

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Extra info for Analyticity and Syntheticity: A Diachronic Perspective With Special Reference to Romance Languages

Example text

A polysynthetic language illustrates no principles that are not already exemplified in the more familiar synthetic languages. It is related to them very much as a synthetic language is related to our own analytic English. Sapir (p. ' To illustrate the relativity of his classification, Sapir (136 n i l ) proceeds to explain that English, typed as analytic (see above), is analytic only in tendency since, relative to French—at least in certain aspects—it is still fairly synthetic. 39 By employing three sets of distinctions (conceptual type, technique, and degree of synthesis) Sapir offers a wide variety of possibilities for language characterization.

Before proceeding with a survey of definitions, I believe it is necessary to ask what requirements must be fulfilled for a definition of the word to be considered satisfactory. As in any scientific definition, we should ideally be satisfied only with proposals which allow neither exceptions nor marginal cases whose status cannot be decided objectively. , no phoneme may remain unassigned, and (2) the definition must be applicable to all languages of the world. Finally, we would like the definition to be accompanied by clear and unambiguous procedural guidelines.

Much of our discussion in this chapter will, therefore, attempt to highlight how this analysis has been carried out in the past, and why it is that the search for a universal definition of the word has not been successful. Before proceeding with a survey of definitions, I believe it is necessary to ask what requirements must be fulfilled for a definition of the word to be considered satisfactory. As in any scientific definition, we should ideally be satisfied only with proposals which allow neither exceptions nor marginal cases whose status cannot be decided objectively.

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Analyticity and Syntheticity: A Diachronic Perspective With Special Reference to Romance Languages by Armin Schwegler


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