By Kirk Hazen
An creation to Language bargains an interesting advisor to the character of language, concentrating on how language works – its sounds, phrases, constructions, and words – all investigated via wide-ranging examples from outdated English to modern popular culture.
• Explores the assumption of a systematic method of language, inviting scholars to think about what characteristics of language contain daily talents for us, be they sounds, phrases, words, or conversation
• is helping form our knowing of what language is, the way it works, and why it really is either elegantly complicated and necessary to who we are
• contains workouts inside every one bankruptcy to aid readers discover key recommendations and without delay notice the styles which are a part of all human language
• Examines linguistic version and alter to demonstrate social nuances and language-in-use, drawing totally on examples from English
• Avoids linguistic jargon, focusing as a substitute on a broader and extra basic method of the learn of language, and making it excellent for these coming to the topic for the 1st time
• Supported through extra internet assets – to be had upon ebook at www.wiley.com/go/hazen/introlanguage – together with scholar research aids and testbank and notes for teachers
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Language (Linguistics in the World)
16 14 15 16 See esp. Williams 1982, who puts the point in this way: a name need not be a correct name to be a name at all or, alternatively, there are two kinds of correctness only one of which is necessary for a name to serve as a name. Cf. Barney 2001: 136. The question how seriously to take Socrates arises because, if he is right, the considerations that make thesis necessary if names are to be used by speakers to mean things to each other suggest that it may be sufficient as well. Cf. Schofield 1982.
We are naturally impelled to knowledge, which we value for its own sake. Even as children we delight in making discoveries regardless of whether they have any obviously beneficial consequences for us (Cicero, Fin. 17; cf. 46; Off. 12–13). And we have a natural impulse towards the society of other rational beings, which is the origin of justice. Often speech figures in this context as the bond fashioned by nature to unite human beings in society (Cicero, Off. 12, 50; Fin. 45; Rep. 3). But we have a natural impulse to speech not only because of the contribution it makes to social order.
Could not onomatopoetic words, then, imitate these essences? 28 Instead he proceeds to sketch a vastly more ambitious account of imitation by names based on the idea that the state of the vocal organs as a name is pronounced imitates the item it names. This account does not make a special place for the imitation of sounds, but is somehow supposed to permit names to imitate all the things of which there are names. The Stoic principles of word formation look like a hodgepodge by comparison. What gives them unity, I have been arguing, is the ways in which they serve the needs of the early speakers of a language.
An Introduction to Language (Linguistics in the World) by Kirk Hazen