By Franklin E. Zimring
Long ago decade, alarming stories of teenage violence have seemed with expanding frequency within the information media. Legislators around the usa have spoke back to this feeling of nationwide emergency by way of altering a number of the legislation designed to deal with juvenile offenders. yet are we actually in the course of a surge in early life violence? extra to the purpose, what explanations formative years violence and what should still we do approximately it? Franklin Zimring deals the definitive exam of adolescent violence within the usa either as a social phenomenon and a coverage challenge. This ebook covers the diversity of teenybopper violence matters within the Nineteen Nineties, from crime information to demographic projections to new laws. the result's an intensive debunking of Congressional predictions of "a coming hurricane of youth violence" and the half-baked coverage proposals that accompany such warnings. The publication units forth entire and dispassionate analyses of 3 key components of youngster violence coverage: adolescent firearms ownership and use, criteria for move from juvenile to legal courtroom jurisdiction, and criminal sanctions for teens who kill. in the course of the ebook, the center problems with early life violence within the Nineteen Nineties are tested with an exceptional measure of analytic rigor. Zimring additionally deals a suitable set of responses to formative years violence which are in keeping with a good destiny for the juvenile courtroom and for America's young ones. well timed and authoritative, American adolescence Violence supplies scholars, students, and coverage makers a much-needed instrument with which to type a confident reaction to at least one of the nation's most annoying social ills.
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Additional info for American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)
Despite the cyclical fluctuations throughout the period, this seems sufficient ground to investigate whether a change in rate has occurred and, if so, its likely explanation. This is the task of the next section. Aggravated assault levels, which increased by more than half over the pe- A YOUTH VIOLENCE EPIDEMIC 35 riod 1980—1996, are the subject of the third section. As the following two sections show, the trends in homicide and assault are quite different in origin and policy significance. 2 shows trends in homicide arrest rates for offenders 13 to 17 and over 18 over the two decades from 1976 to 1995.
Two aspects of this possible reclassification deserve special mention. First, when this sort of reclassification occurs, there is no telling whether the old or the new threshold is the correct one. As we saw in chapter 2, the verbal description of aggravated assault is not precise, and the large number of attacks near the border between aggravated and simple assaults creates ample opportunity to justify different behavioral standards of what constitutes an aggravated assault. Second, the change in priority that motivates reclassification by the police can be very good news from a policy standpoint.
Knives are universally available, and the next most deadly weapon to firearms. Yet the rate of killings with knives remained stable over the eightyear expansion in total homicides. If more destructive intentions were the major cause of rate changes in homicide, some of the increase in the death rate should be found in the category of knives and other cutting instruments. The Growth of Assault Arrests The task here is to restate and explore the mystery in the previous discussion. Because the growth of homicides was restricted to gun cases, there is no reason to expect a large increase in the volume of aggravated assault cases over the years when homicides increased.
American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy) by Franklin E. Zimring