By John R. Perry
This can be the 1st entire reference grammar of Tajik, the Persian of vital Asia, to seem in English. It describes the fashionable literary language, with examples of colloquial and dialect utilization, from the early Soviet interval (1920s) up until eventually Tajikistan's independence after 2001. Grammatical examples, taken from various literary assets, are given in either the Cyrillic and Perso-Arabic scripts. whole verb paradigms, a grammatical index, and parallel word-indexes in either writing structures make it effortless to discover specific issues. crucial for the Iranologist and comparative linguist, for the the scholar or instructor of Tajik Persian, and a beneficial complement in case you paintings with Persian of Iran or Afghanistan. With large indexes.
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Extra resources for A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar
This prolongation or shift of/a/ is allophonic, not phonemic, and unlike long /u:/ or /i:/ does not correspond to a prosodic partner (which in the case of /a/ was 20 CHAPTER ONE /ä:/, represented by alif\ see above). 4 Vowels (3): Lowering, Glides, Diphthongs The articulation of unstable vowels may vary casually in different phonetic environments, or from speaker to speaker. In the following two cases there is a systematic lowering of the vowel, which is reflected in the Cyrillic spelling. ' (Imper.
4, Lowering). 11). As an unstable vowel, it is reduced in length in an unstressed open syllable; but as with /u/, a historically long I'd in such a syllable is not so reduced, and can be distinguished only in the Perso-Arabic script: сир j «J /sir/ 'secret', сир J-J-^U/si:r/ 'garlic'; шинос <_^1_1^ /Sinos/ or /S'nos/ 'acquainted', Широз j ' j * •*• /§i:roz/ 'Shiraz'. 7-9). o/serob/ 'juicy', безеб ^ и ^ /bezeb/ 'plain, unattractive'. 12. , in қанд j - l i /qand/ 'lump sugar', or slightly higher after /y/, as in яла «dl /yalä/ 'open'.
Yotated vowels providing the second /y/ in the sequence /yy/ in муайян, тайёр under й above). Word-initial и is found before a (yotated) vowel in a number of Russian loans that originated in Greek or Latin: июн(ь) /iyun/ 'June', июл(ь) /iyul/ 'July', иероглиф /iyeröglif/ 'hieroglyph'. It is followed by о in a few transferred loanwords such as радио 'radio' (Taj. /radio/ or /radio/). 10). Stressed final -7(SP 0 occurs under the following conditions: (1) As an integral part of a noun: моҳй LS-^\ о /mohi/ 'fish', таксй ^-»<~ /taksi/ 'taxi', Алӣ ^^Lc 'AH' (man's name).
A Tajik Persian Reference Grammar by John R. Perry