W. South Coblin's A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary PDF

By W. South Coblin

ISBN-10: 0824830008

ISBN-13: 9780824830007

ISBN-10: 1435666011

ISBN-13: 9781435666016

‘Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest kind of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it's named after its writer, a super thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. ‘Phags-pa’s invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language continues to be a very vital accomplishment, either conceptually and virtually. With it he completed not anything lower than the production of a unified script for all the a variety of peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the important Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.‘Phags-pa is of large significance for the examine of premodern chinese language phonology. even if, the script is tough to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply received. the current ebook is meant as a realistic creation to ‘Phags-pa chinese language reviews and a consultant for studying and analyzing the script. It includes components. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this can be by way of a word list of ‘Phags-pa chinese language kinds and their corresponding chinese language characters, including p?ny?n and stroke order indexes to these characters. the 1st introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the ‘Phags-pa writing process, summarizes the key varieties of fabric preserved in it, and describes the historic and linguistic contexts within which this invention happened. Following chapters aspect the background of ‘Phags-pa reviews, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient positive aspects of the underlying sound process represented through the script, evaluating it with these of varied later sorts of chinese language which have been recorded in alphabetic sources.A instruction manual of ‘Phags-pa chinese language should be of targeted curiosity to chinese language historic phonologists and students interested in the heritage and tradition of China and valuable Asia in the course of the Yuan interval (1279–1368 A.D.).

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Additional info for A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series)

Example text

In fact, after an initial period of wholesale slaughter and destruction, there was a change in approach to conquered areas and populations, and defection was actively encouraged. Military personnel, often comprising entire units who had surrendered peaceably, were treated leniently and accepted into the ranks of the conquerors. Civil officials who did not resist and remained at their posts were in many cases simply put back to work in the new administration. Throughout the JIn and later the Southern Song territories, the indigenous Chinese-speaking officialdom served as an important medium through which the Mongols prosecuted the war and administered the peace among the Chinese.

In the manner of Indic alphabets, if no other vocalic information is added, the initial consonant or semivowel embodies an inherent vowel a. For example, the letter ~ th-, when written alone, will yield: S2. ~ tha ru ~ The inherent a is overridden by the addition of a vowel sign, which is written below the anchoring consonant. An example is the following, where the vowel sign A 0 has been added: 734. ~ tho ping 1m A medial semivowel can be added between the consonant and any vowel letters or in the presence of inherent a.

H{~A (Shanghai:Guji, 1: 164). The Menggii yunlei is discussed by Cheng (1965: 20-21), who mistakenly assigns to it the title Menggii yunbian ~~j'j~~ and states that it dates from a time much later than the MGZY. In his preface, Wang Yishan at one point characterizes the Menggii yunlei as a Menggu yunbian ~~i-l~ "compilation of Mongol rimes," but this clearly is not its formal title. Furthermore, it cannot date from as late as Cheng supposes, since Wang Ylshan had seen it before his death in 1287.

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A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series) by W. South Coblin


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