By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this present day through over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken by way of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam based on complementary ideas: to research Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to provide fabric in the sort of approach that the heritage details precious for knowing each one subject of dialogue shall were formerly supplied. therefore, England's research of the sound approach and morphophonemic methods of Mam is via an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in studying a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative method. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and therefore it truly is uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
1 -chaa -chuu Specific examples of all of these suf fixes are contained in chapter 4, #8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, -pii -q'uu application of force. 4 Metathesis. The shifting of stress to long vowels and Either the stern vowel or the suffix vowel is shortened; the neutralization of vowels following the stressed syllable which one shortens is morphologically conditioned. often results in what looks like metathesis. formative vowel, which is an underlying For instance, q'apooj 'young woman' has stress on the last syllable.
1 Harmony. tive synchronically. first is L -~ form transitive verbs from positional, affect, and transitiv Vowel harmony is probably only semi-produc Two suffixes show vowel harmony. 6 #74), which forms measure words. roots. The The vowel L They can be loosely classified as "causatives;" som 48 MORPHOPHONEMICS MORPHOPHONEMICS Table 1. Vowel Disharmonic Suffixes Preceding Vowel: (# of examples) i e described by the root, and some form a verb which indicates that the quality described by the root arises through the a o u 1 7 7 15, 17, 18, 19, and 20.
A number of words change a base If a suffix is added to these This may reflect an earlier rule became n finally. l plus 1 is reduced to vowel (which is dropped). 'give salt to cattle' 'rich' tq'ina~iil 1, 'arrive there' + -al taan- 'sleep' + -al 'richness' even over an intervening These have been called Set A and Set B by Mayan lin guists. Set A cross-references the agent of a transitive cross-references the patient of transitive verbs or the sub ject of intransitive verbs and is the absolutive set of perso I will use the terms 'agent', 'patient', and 'sub ject' throughout to refer to the three different arguments of verbs (see chapter 7 for a more thorough discussion of this terminology), 'potential' 'potential' a verb.
A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language by Nora C. England