Get A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) PDF

By William D. Davies

ISBN-10: 3110224437

ISBN-13: 9783110224436

Madurese is an important neighborhood language of Indonesia, with a few 14 million audio system, more often than not at the island of Madura and adjoining elements of Java, making it the fourth greatest language of Indonesia after Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. there's no latest complete descriptive grammar of the language, with latest stories being both sketches of the complete grammar, or precise descriptions of phonology and morphology or a few specific subject matters inside of those elements of the grammar. there is not any competing paintings that offers the breadth and intensity of insurance of this grammar, specifically (though no longer completely) with reference to syntax.

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6 Examples of their use include: [ɨ] [ɤ] [bɨlli] ‘buy’ [gɨnna ‘complete’ [bɤca] ‘read’ [saaɤ] ‘intentional’ The inventory of vowels and their distribution is discussed in extensive detail in section 4. 2. Sound correspondences between Madurese and Indonesian (and Javanese) The are some regular phonemic sound correspondences between Madurese and the languages most closely related to it, Indonesian and Javanese. As will be discussed in Chapter 15, in the higher speech levels the influence of Javanese is unmistakable.

Ss] ‘milk’. 40 Chapter 2 Phonology  nɛa  nɛa ɛa+ɛ   [neã ’intend’ ɛãe’remember’ As it is unimportant to points which follow, nasalization is not marked on vowels. 5. Phonological processes There are a number of process that derive surface structures from underlying phonemic forms. 1. Epenthesis There are three principal processes that insert consonants between two contiguous vowels. Glottal insertion. A glottal stop is epenthesized between 2 identical vowels, either at a morpheme boundary or root internally, which has the effect in (38).

The underlying forms contain only non-high vowels. In the surface root forms, [pa] and [bitɔ],18 the non-high vowel [ɛ] follows [p] in the first syllable of the first word and the high vowel [i] follows [b] in the first syllable of the second word, following the application of Vowel Raising. In the actor voice, the initial bilabial stop of each root is replaced with the bilabial nasal [m]. For the root [pa], the vowel of the first syllable remains the same. However, for the root [bit], the vowel of the first syllable surfaces as [] following the general principle that high vowels do not occur immediately following nasals.

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A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) by William D. Davies

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