By Mark Durie
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Additional resources for A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde)
This orthography is described in a seminar report Hasil Pernmusan Seminar Pembinaan dan pengembangan Bahasa Aceh published by Universitas Syiah Kuala. 2). This is also a deficiency of the Standard of Djajadiningrat (1934) who followed Snouck Hurgronje (1892). [i] /) I is witten as j and / ) / as y. [ii] / S / is written as s and / ƒ / as sy. [iii] Syllable final / ? / is written as k, syllable-initially it is simply omitted. [iv] [m] and [m ° ] are written as m, [n] and [ n ° ] as n, [ji] and [ j t ° ] as ny, and [rj] and '27 Phonology [ rj° j as ng.
They make the observation: "perceptually the main cue for this contrast ... lies in the vowel rather than the consonant" (p446). Coady and McGinn are not aware that this is a regional characteristic of Indonesia and Malaysia, for they refer to Rejang's barred nasals as "a puzzling and rare phenomenon among the languages of the world" (p446) and claim that: "These special nasals have not been reported in any other Sumatran language" (p437). g. /pf-'p/ 'to suck'. Ulu Muar Malay is like Acehnese in this respect.
V a r i a t i o n that has a characteristic phonological conditioning - even if the conditioning is optional, resulting in free variation - is described in this section. P u r e l y morphologically conditioned variation is not described here, but in the sections dealing w i t h the relevant parts of speech. 3 3 3 3 It is also not always easy to distinguish between phonologically and morphologically conditioned variation. F o r example the denasalisation rule affecting X j - m n - a m f X above is usually optional, but for a few words it is compulsory.
A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde) by Mark Durie