Read e-book online A Brief History of the Spanish Language PDF

By David A. Pharies

ISBN-10: 0226666824

ISBN-13: 9780226666822

Spanish is the fourth most generally spoken language on the planet and a language of ever-increasing value within the usa. In what's going to most probably develop into the advent to the heritage of the Spanish language, David Pharies essentially and concisely charts the evolution of Spanish from its Indo-European roots to its current shape. An across the world famous specialist at the heritage and improvement of this language, Pharies brings to his topic an exact experience of what scholars of Spanish linguistics want to know. After introductory chapters on what it capability to review the background of a language, the concept that of linguistic switch, and the character of language households, Pharies lines the advance of Spanish from its Latin roots, all with the minimal quantity of technical language attainable. within the center sections of the booklet, readers are handled to a fascinating and remarkably succinct presentation of the family tree and improvement of the language, together with bills of the buildings and peculiarities of Latin, the ancient and cultural occasions that deeply stimulated the shaping of the language, the character of Medieval Spanish, the language myths that experience turn into hooked up to Spanish, and the improvement of the language past the Iberian Peninsula, specially within the Americas. concentrating on an important elements of the language’s evolution, this compact paintings makes the historical past of Spanish obtainable to somebody with an information of Spanish and a readiness to understand simple linguistic suggestions. on hand in either English and Spanish variations, a quick background of the Spanish Language presents a very extraordinary creation to the fascinating tale of 1 of the world’s nice languages.

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The Introduction noted that the linguistic organism that is currently called Spanish is several millennia old. In what sense is this true? 4. Explain the concept of “genealogical tree”. What factor determines whether or not such a tree will have complex “branching”? 5. For what purposes is the comparative method used? How does it work? In what ways is the method less than straightforward? 6. Which of the following words would be appropriate for a list of possible cognates? Explain your answer in each case: banana, ojo ‘eye’, piel ‘skin’, aerosol, chimpanc´e ‘chimpanzee’, esqu´ı ‘ski’, agua ‘water’, tierra ‘land’, jefe ‘boss’, etiqueta ‘label’, cuatro ‘four’, chacal ‘jackal’, suegra ‘mother-in-law’, sobrina ‘niece’, diente ‘tooth’, garaje ‘garage’, vitrina ‘showcase’, u˜na ‘fingernail’, fr´ıo ‘cold’.

5. Text quoted from Gifford and Hodcroft 1966:26–27. Translation: Some men ´ river, and grazed on from Bonille arose with their cattle and crossed the Arlanzon grass where they should not have grazed on the lands of Villa Vela. I am telling you how men from Villa Vela saw how they were grazing on their lands, and they got angry. The Genealogy of Spanish Language Families It is customary to apply terms such as family, genetic relationship, mother, and daughter to both linguistic and human relations.

Ten termed diatopic, social variation diastratic, and situational varia- ... . tion diaphasic. The above-mentioned term for temporal variation— ... .. diachronic—is used on both sides of the Atlantic. .. Sociolinguists have discovered that language varies according ... .. .. to social criteria. That is, they have observed that the way people ... . express themselves within a speech community depends on social ... . variables such as gender, age, socioeconomic status, level of educa- ...

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A Brief History of the Spanish Language by David A. Pharies


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